By Mark Moss, DPM, FACFAS
June 12, 2019
Category: Foot Health
Tags: Flat Feet  

Have you ever heard the term "flat foot"? In podiatry, a flat foot means that the arch of the foot lacks proper height, a characteristic which flat feetcan result in some serious pain. Fortunately, here at Coastal Foot and Ankle in Houston, TX, flat feet get the treatment they deserve! Dr. Moss and Dr. Hassan can help correct the problem, allowing patients to have pain-free movement and be as active as they want to be.


How flat feet happen

Your Houston podiatrists see many patients with flat feet, an attribute that they largely blame on heredity. In other words, flat feet run in families.

However, some developmental and health conditions may also contribute to flat feet, including:

  • Traumatic injury to the foot (a ruptured tendon or a fracture as examples)
  • Obesity
  • Down's Syndrome
  • Cerebral Palsy
  • Arthritis


Diagnosis and treatment of flat feet

If you're experiencing any recurring foot pain, please contact Coastal Foot and Ankle. Here, Dr. Moss or Dr. Hassan will examine your feet, perform an X-ray screening, and do a gait analysis (see how you place your feet when you walk).

Usually, people with fallen arches pronate (i.e. roll) their feet toward the midline as they walk. While this is normal for young children to do, older children, teens, and adults should all have an obvious-looking and pain-free arch.

Your foot doctor will customize your care plan to suit your foot structure, medical needs, level of activity, and age. Care strategies may include:

  • Rest and ice to reduce pain and swelling
  • Taping of the arch to support it
  • Custom-made shoe inserts, or orthotics, to correct gait problems and provide proper support
  • Changing footwear to quality sneakers or other kinds of shoes which provide ample arch support
  • Anti-inflammatory medications such as cortisone injections or over-the-counter ibuprofen
  • Stretching exercises and physical therapy
  • Braces for the affected tendon

Most cases of flat feet respond well to conservative measures. However, sometimes surgery is the best option to correct deficiencies in tendon structure and function. Both Dr. Hassan and Dr. Moss are experts in reconstructive surgeries of the foot. So, you know you are in the best of hands.


Fix those flat feet

Here at Coastal Foot and Ankle, our professional staff is ready and eager to help you feel good and be as mobile as possible. For a consultation, please contact one of our two offices: for Pearland, phone (281) 485-2988, and for Houston, call (281) 484-2400.

By By Coastal Foot and Ankle Associates
April 25, 2019
Category: Foot Health
Tags: Bunions  

Some foot-related issues, such as bunions, generally grow slowly over time, often making their symptoms unnoticeable until they are in Bunionstheir advanced stages. However, understanding the warning signs for bunions can help you get the preventative help that you need while the condition is still easy to treat! Read below to learn more about bunions and their treatments, and for personal care, contact Dr. Mark Moss and Dr. Hina Hassan at Coastal Foot and Ankle Associates with locations in both Pearland and Houston, TX.


What is a bunion?
A bunion occurs when the bone at the base of the big toe develops an outward growing deformity, a growth that then produces a lump on the inside of the foot which pushes the big toe toward the smaller toes. Though it develops slowly and often produces only mild symptoms, a bunion can eventually advance into a painful, irritating condition.


Do I have a bunion?
A bunion is often visually obvious and carries with it a few signs and symptoms that mean it is time to see your podiatrist. These include:

  • A lump at the base of the big toe
  • Pain at the base of the big toe
  • Irritation or redness from friction caused by wearing shoes
  • Shoes have stopped fitting correctly due to the lump
  • Corns and calluses caused by overlapping toes
  • Decreased range of motion for the big toe

If you think that you may have a bunion, your podiatrist can help monitor—or even prevent—its growth and help you find the best treatment for your condition.


Bunion treatments from our Pearland and Houston offices
If your foot doctor determines that you have a bunion, they may simply suggest some lifestyle changes, such as wearing more comfortable shoes, to help slow the bunion’s growth. In more advanced cases, however, a treatment called bunionectomy may become necessary. This surgical procedure removes the bunion and, in relevant cases, realigns the toes and their connective tissues to lie flat once again.


Call today!

For more information on bunions, please contact Dr. Mark Moss and Dr. Hina Hassan at Coastal Foot and Ankle Associates with locations in Pearland and Houston, TX!

Call (281) 485-2988 to schedule an appointment at the Pearland office or (281) 484-2400 to schedule your appointment at the Houston office.

By Coastal Foot and Ankle Associates
January 25, 2019
Category: Foot Health
Tags: Flat Feet  

What's the cause of flat feet? Is this podiatric condition something to be concerned about? At Coastal Foot & Ankle Associates in Houston, TX, Dr. Mark Moss is an expert in flat feet and how to correct them. He and his associate, Dr. Hina Hassan, can help you resolve the discomforts of this common problem so you can be pain-free and fully functional.

What is a flat foot?

Basically, a flat foot has no appreciable arch between the heel and the toes. Noticeable as a person walks barefoot, a flat foot contacts the ground over its entire surface. The official name for the gait (or way a flat-footed person walks) is overpronation, and this condition often leads to other foot and ankle problems such as painful plantar fasciitis.

Flat feet in Houston vary in severity with the most painful and dysfunctional kind being called rigid flat foot, says research from the Cleveland Clinic. This condition comes from a congenital foot deformity, spina bifida or a disease such as cerebral palsy. Adults may develop flat feet through:

  • Age (over 40)
  • Being too sedentary
  • A fracture of a bone in the foot or a sprained tendon known as the tibialis posterior tendon
  • Being overweight

Treatments for flat feet

Upon visual examination, gait analysis and X-ray imaging (as needed), Dr. Moss can diagnose flat feet definitively and compose a treatment plan to prevent further damage and to lessen symptoms.

Well-fitting shoes and stretching exercises often help flat feet acquired as an adult. Customized shoe inserts or ankle braces also stabilize foot structure and balance. Rest, ice, and elevation of the feet above heart level reduce inflammation and pain as do over-the-counter medications such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen.

Finally, Dr. Moss may recommend reconstructive surgery for patients whose foot function does not improve with more conservative interventions. A bone fracture or torn ligament or tendon in the foot may need surgery, immobilization and rehabilitation to obtain a successful result.

Learn more

Flat feet are no joke. At Coastal Foot & Ankle Associates, Dr. Mark Moss sees many patients with this problem and set them on a path to optimal podiatric wellness. They'd love to help you. Please call one of our two convenient offices for a consultation. In Pearland, TX, phone (281) 485-2988, and in Houston, TX, please call (281) 484-2400.

By Mark Moss, DPM, FACFAS
December 05, 2018
Category: Foot Health
Tags: Heel Pain  

Are you dealing with heel pain? It’s time to figure out what’s going on.

Heel pain is one of the most complaints our Houston, TX, podiatrist Dr. Mark Moss treats. Our heels take a lot of abuse every day, whether you are walking around in high heels or you are pounding the pavement getting in that daily run before work. So, we know that some people aren’t too surprised to find their heels protesting. What could be going on to cause your pain and when should you turn to a medical professional for treatment?

Common Causes of Heel Pain

First and foremost, it’s important to understand what’s causing your heel pain. Sure, you could mask your symptoms with painkillers but it’s better to figure out what’s going on so you can treat the underlying problem rather than just your symptoms. This is when visiting a Houston foot doctor is the best approach, as we can provide you with a definitive diagnosis so you know how to properly treat your condition. If it’s the first time you are dealing with heel pain then it’s a good idea to turn to a medical professional for an evaluation.

The most common cause of heel pain is plantar fasciitis, which causes inflammation within the thick band of muscle that runs the length of the soles of your feet (known as the plantar fascia). Another cause of heel pain is Achilles tendonitis, another inflammatory condition that affects the Achilles tendon, resulting in pain above the heel.

Other causes of heel pain include:

  • Sprains and strains
  • Fracture
  • Heel spur
  • Bursitis
  • Arthritis

It’s important to visit your Houston podiatrist if heel pain is severe or sudden, if you notice severe swelling around the heel or if your heel pain makes it difficult to walk.

Treating Heel Pain

The most common causes of heel pain can often be treated with simple at-home care. Plantar fasciitis and Achilles tendonitis will heal on their own but we will provide you with ways to manage your symptoms in the interim. This includes:

  • Avoiding strenuous or high-impact activities
  • Resting as much as possible
  • Elevating the affected foot to reduce swelling
  • Taking over-the-counter pain relievers when necessary
  • Wearing compression socks or a brace to provide support
  • Wearing custom orthotics (shoe inserts) in your shoes

As you might imagine, certain conditions such as arthritis or a fracture will be treated differently. Severe fractures may require a protective boot, crutches or surgery. Arthritis cannot be cured but symptoms can be managed with the proper medication.

If your heel pain isn’t responding to at-home care, or if your symptoms are severe then it’s time to put your trust in our Houston podiatry team. Call our office today and let us know that you are dealing with heel pain. Coastal Foot & Ankle Associates wants to help you get back on your feet. We have offices in Pearland and Houston, TX.

By What Bunion Treatment is Right for Me?
September 21, 2018
Category: Foot Health
Tags: Bunion Treatment  

A bunion is a progressive foot deformity that often affects the joint at the base of the big toe. As the bunion gets worse from putting daily Bunion Treatmentspressure on the joint when walking or wearing poorly fitted shoes, it can even cause the big toe to lean in on the other toes while also causing the joint to jut out further than normal. As you might imagine, a bunion can cause pain, stiffness and other issues for the sufferer but our Pearland and Houston, TX podiatrist Dr. Mark Moss is here to tell you what you can do to treat your bunion effectively.

How should I treat my bunion?

If you are experiencing symptoms then you want to nip this issue in the bud so that you don’t continue to deal with foot pain, swelling and other problems. Luckily, you’ll be happy to hear that your bunion can sometimes be properly managed with simple measures such as:

  • Performing certain foot stretches and exercises
  • Avoiding high heels or heels over 2 inches
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Wearing appropriately fitted shoes (your toes should be able to wiggle around freely inside your shoes)
  • Placing supportive and custom shoe inserts into your shoes to provide additional support and stability
  • Applying a bunion pad over the area before putting on shoes to protect the skin
  • Wearing a bunion splint at night

While all these measures will not realign the big toe what it can do is take pressure off the joint to reduce your chances of experiencing foot pain, inflammation or other issues.

Should I consider bunion surgery?

When people hear that the only way to truly correct this deformity is through surgery many people wonder if they should just get surgery. If you are experiencing persistent and extreme pain that is affecting your daily life and activities, or if your symptoms cannot be managed through more conservative care, surgery should be considered.

Do you think you are dealing with a bunion? Wondering whether it’s time to consider bunion surgery? If so, our Houston podiatry team is here to provide you with the answers and care your feet deserve. Call Coastal Foot & Ankle Associates in Pearland and Houston, TX today to schedule an appointment with us.

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